Best Frontend Frameworks to Use in 2022

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As a user, would you like to interact with a complicated, unstructured, and inconsistent interface? Well, the answer is likely to be a big no!

Certainly, all the aforesaid factors result in user ambiguity. As a result, the chances of users leaving the website and resume browsing the web for better alternatives increase significantly.

As a developer, your biggest challenge is to provide a seamless user experience. Fortunately, there are specific methods that can help you to build a user-friendly and interactive UI. Fret not, we are here to take off your baggage and guide you in the best way possible!

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You must have encountered the terms like front-end and front-end frameworks. Firstly, let us befriend you with them completely.

The front-end is simply the part of the website or application with which a user interacts and sees on the screen. Technically, it’s a code that is responsible for showcasing the website’s elements to the user. Developers write code to create elements, behaviors, and link data with the back-end of the website or application. Front-end efficiently stores, presents, and updates data gathered from the back-end.

When it comes to a front-end framework, it is a set of tools and resources used to build the front-end of websites as well as web apps. It minimizes your efforts and speeds up the process of front-end development by providing pre-written codes and elements. It includes website components, grids, pre-defined typography, and so on.

In a nutshell, a front-end framework is like a base on which you can firmly build your website or web application with already provided elements.

Top Front-end Frameworks to Use in 2022

Now, one thing that you need to know is that there are ample front-end frameworks available right now. However, it’s crucial for you to become aware of the ones that are acing the game!

Starting off with some statistics to make the forthcoming easier to understand.

According to npmtrends, the top 3 frameworks with the highest number of downloads are namely, React, @Angular/core, and Vue. Here is a graph representing the data from September 2020 to January 2021.

Note – @Angular/core represents the Angular Version 2 and above, while Angular represents the Angular 1.X versions that are popularly known as AngularJS.

Frontend Frameworks Trends

As you can observe, React has taken a huge leap forward with a whopping 10mn+ downloads. The other two, i.e. @Angular/core and Vue, have faced a neck-to-neck competition with 2.5mn + and 2.2 mn + downloads respectively.

Moving on, let’s take a look at the list of best Front-end frameworks:

  • React
  • Angular
  • Vue
  • jQuery
  • EmberJS
  • BackbonesJS
  • Svelte
  • Semantic UI
  • Foundation

To understand the pointers in detail, let’s begin!

1. React

React is the most famous JavaScript library used for building impressive user interfaces. It was invented by Facebook and the first version was released in 2013. It allows developers to create efficient, high-performance, and interactive user interfaces. The primary motive of React was to fix the obstacles arising due to code maintainability.

React steals the limelight due to its virtual DOM that helps in providing outstanding functionality. Moreover, this framework is extremely amicable. It provides a seamless experience of event handling, preparation of display data, and state transition. It also focuses on rendering views and allows your projects to add extra packages, which helps in scalability.

Pros

  • React uses virtual DOM to render the UI. It is a boon for both users and developers
  • Due to the encapsulated components, you can easily use them independently without any sort of limitation
  • You get the freedom to implement several rendering techniques such as client-side rendering, server-side rendering, or even static file generation
  • It is an open-source library with a pool of tools that simplify the process of building the front-end of web pages or web applications
  • You can also develop new features without rewriting the existing code
  • It is a large ecosystem with ample resources and tools

Cons

  • As a beginner, the concept of mixing templating with logic JSX might be a challenging task. It is required to learn JSX as it is heavily programming oriented
  • When the project complexity increases, you might lose the track of flow and data components
  • Being too flexible in the structure can be problematic
  • Writing components is a complex process unlike HTML and JavaScript

When to use React?

If you are looking for an ideal front-end framework for developing an interactive and efficient web-application, then React becomes an ideal option. The inhibition of virtual DOM makes it stand apart from the rest as it helps in quick responsiveness to the user’s input. Moreover, the reusable components will help you to save time while developing the application.

Which applications are using React?

  • Twitter
  • Pinterest
  • Netflix
  • Udemy

2. Angular

Angular is a Typescript-based framework. It’s an open-source front-end framework developed by Google. It runs on the concept of object-oriented programming. The framework makes the development work easier as it can easily handle a variety of operations ranging from routing to HTTP request handling. The already set up conventions and predefined implementation methodologies make it a huge success.

Pros

  • It’s maintained and owned by Google
  • Inhibits already defined implementation methodology
  • Runs on the MVC architecture
  • Features two-way data binding that works well for developing dynamic web and mobile apps
  • The pre-installed RxJs library makes it easy to write asynchronous code
  • Ahead-of-time compilation results in an elevated quality and a much faster loading time.

Cons

  • Debugging a large Angular app can be a tedious task
  • Angular has limited SEO options which is a big challenge for the developers to reach the search engine crawlers
  • The steep learning curve is a matter of concern
  • The complexity factor is extremely high

When to use Angular?

Angular is an ‘All-in-One’ framework. Due to the two-way data binding, the process of developing web and mobile apps becomes much easier. It is also recommended for building progressive web-applications

Which applications are using Angular?

  • PayPal
  • Walmart
  • Freelancer
  • Gmail
  • Vevo

3. Vue

Vue is one of the most adaptable and fastest-growing front-end frameworks. In 2014, Evan You created Vue, and today the framework is widely known for its simplicity and versatility.

It allows developers to easily tackle dynamic processes without using additional libraries. Also, the framework offers powerful performance on the front-end due to its small size. Vue is also based on the concept of virtual DOM and backs up two-way data binding. The simplicity of its code fascinates front-end developers.

Pros

  • Helps in improving the rendering efficiency by making use of virtual DOM
  • Uses HTML format to create templates
  • Exceptionally lightweight
  • It delivers a powerful UX performance
  • You can easily integrate components into the existing structure

Cons

  • It’s a small ecosystem with a lesser number of resources and tools
  • Too much flexibility in a structure can be troublesome, as it can complicate an ongoing project that is large in size. The number of developers in such projects is more, hence, it can result in more irregularities in coding.
  • The framework is extremely popular amongst Chinese companies, hence a language barrier can occur while communicating with the developer community

When to use Vue?

If you are looking for code simplicity, efficient components, operation versatility, high-speed rendering, you must go for Vue. It is highly recommended in case you are designing flexible structures for simple one-page applications.

Which applications are using Vue?

  • Facebook
  • Adobe
  • Xiaomi
  • Alibaba
  • Grammarly

4. jQuery

jQuery was developed in 2006 by John Resig. Despite existing for such a long time span, what exactly makes jQuery popular even in today’s much-advanced tech world? Let’s see!

The motto of jQuery is: Write less, Do more, and that just sounds great.

jQuery is a fast, small, and feature-rich JavaScript library. It is majorly in demand due to its simplicity to write JavaScript codes.

It is an open-source JavaScript library which is extremely lightweight. The provision of a simple API helps in easily adapting to multiple browsers. It offers an incredibly seamless experience to developers when it comes to implementing event handling, animations, AJAX calls, and DOM manipulation.

Pros

  • It is extremely lightweight, about 19 kB in size.
  • There are plenty of inbuilt animations
  • DOM manipulation modifies the content by using a cross-browser open-source selected engine called Sizzle
  • AJAX support helps in building a responsive site using AJAX technology

Cons

  • While using jQuery you have to import a huge library. It contains all its DOM events, effects, and AJAX components
  • jQuery DOM API’s are now obsolete as there are other alternatives that can work more efficiently and much faster

When to use jQuery?

If you want to develop several desktop-based JavaScript applications, then jQuery can be an ideal pick.

Which applications are using jQuery?

  • Twitter
  • Uber
  • AngelList
  • Kickstarter
  • WizzAir

5. EmberJS

This component-based framework was developed in 2011. EmberJS can easily meet the escalating demand for contemporary technologies. It can be used to develop complex web-applications as well as mobile-applications.

It comes with a two-way data binding feature similar to React and Angular. However, this framework is yet to be explored to its full potential. The framework has a rigid and conventional structure, which is a little challenging for the developers to use.

Pros

  • Helpful in building multifaceted web and mobile applications
  • Offers good binding, equipped configuration, and custom properties

Cons

  • The EmberJS community is comparatively smaller and scarcely familiar
  • The learning curve is quite steep
  • The syntax is complex

When to use EmberJS?

If you are developing a large-scale project, then you can safely rely on this framework as it provides you with a complete front-end solution. It is endowed with exceptional routing and binding techniques which helps to build modern applications like LinkedIn.

Which applications are using EmberJS?

  • Apple
  • Yahoo
  • LinkedIn
  • Chipotle
  • Vine

6. BackboneJS

BackboneJS, an open-source JavaScript library, was released in 2010. The library provides a designated structure to your web applications. It is an attempt to utilize and implement the minimal set of data structuring along with user interface primitives that helps in building web applications using JavaScript.

BackboneJS is based on the MVC framework. It represents the data as models; which helps in keeping the data organized and syncs it with your HTML user interface, databases, and JavaScript logic.

Pros

  • A lightweight framework consisting of a small memory footprint
  • The provision of simple code with logical documentation
  • Helps in developing a client-side model
  • The performance control feature provides an edge to developers

Cons

  • There is a lot of ambiguity in architecture at times which can make things challenging for developers
  • The issue of memory leak is a big con
  • If you are not impeccably good at JavaScript, then BackboneJS is not for you
  • It lacks support for two-way data binding, which means that you have to write a huge part of the code to update the View whenever your Model changes

When to use BackboneJS?

It is a great choice for building single-page web applications. BackboneJS uses a RESTful JSON and MVC for displaying interface features.

Which applications are using BackboneJS?

  • Pinterest
  • Flixster
  • Airbnb
  • Amazon

7. Svelte

Svelte offers a new approach for building efficient user interfaces. It is an open-source JavaScript framework for front-end development. While most of the work is done by conventional frameworks like React and Vue in the browser, Svelte comes into the picture by shifting that work into a compile-set during the process of building the application.

Interestingly, Svelte refrains the usage of virtual DOM diffing. Whenever the state of the application you are working on changes, it writes the code that updates the DOM.

Pros

  • There is no virtual DOM, which makes the application load faster and results in better user engagement
  • It is a lightweight framework
  • Svelte gives the freedom of generating logics without writing complex code

Cons

  • Being a new player in the game, it lacks a wide user-base and ecosystem. It will take time to expand and prove its credibility
  • Due to the lack of resources and tools, complexities may arise while using the framework

When to use Svelte?

If you are building a small-scale web-application or web page, then you can undoubtedly use this framework. Although, it is not recommended for large projects that require more resources and tools.

Which applications are using Svelte?

  • Adobe
  • eBay
  • Noppo
  • Cloudless
  • Screeb

8. Semantic UI

Semantic UI was invented by Jack Lukic, and released in 2014. It’s an open-source framework. The motive of Semantic UI is to create responsive, efficient, and elegantly stylish layouts using human-friendly HTML.

Pros

  • Highly responsive
  • Uses extremely clean and simple phrases known as behavior, responsible for triggering a specific functionality
  • Extremely rich in UI components
  • One of the best well-documented UI with the least amount of complexities

Cons

  • Consists of large packages
  • Not recommended for beginners with little or no knowledge of JavaScript

When to use Semantic UI?

Semantic is recommended for those who want to build lightweight applications

Which applications are using Semantic UI?

  • Snapchat
  • Accenture
  • Google Cloud Partner
  • Digital Services
  • Kmong

9. Foundation

Foundation is a front-end framework, simply for any device, medium, and accessibility.

It is a popular and highly responsive UI front-end framework. ZURB is the parent company of this open-source project. This UI is endowed with plenty of templates, trendy typography, responsive grids, navigating features, and much more. It uses SASS MIXINS, which helps developers to create attractive and stylish layouts for websites and applications with utmost simplicity.

It is highly recommended for enterprise-level development. However, working with this framework can be challenging for beginners. This framework also offers several advanced features like drop-down options, pagination, and seamless animations.

Pros

  • It is semantic, readable, flexible, and entirely customizable
  • Comes with a feature that allows developers to add a ‘Collapse’ class, which makes it possible to easily collapse columns and remove gutters
  • Includes HTML5 form validation library
  • Provides you with centered columns

Cons

  • Initially, it is complicated for beginners to have a firm grasp of the framework
  • Lack of support for troubleshooting and fixing issues

When to use Foundation?

The best recommendation to use this framework would be for building mobile-friendly applications.

Which applications are using Foundation?

  • Adidas
  • Kawasaki
  • Vans
  • Istockphoto
  • Fandango

Conclusion

There are a plethora of choices when it comes to front-end development frameworks. We tried to narrow down the options for you with our recommendations and a detailed analysis of each framework.

It is understandable that choosing the best framework for your project can be challenging. We hope that the information provided in this article helps you to filter out the best framework as per your requirements.

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