C# Frameworks

C# Frameworks

C# is an all-around, object-oriented programming language that aims to enhance the productivity of the programmers. C# stabilizes minimalism, eloquence, presentation, and performance of the program. The language was formulated by Anders Hejlsberg in the year 2000. The coding and efficiency of the language are independent of the platform in which you’re using it. It is compatible to work with a wide variety of platform-determined compilers and frameworks. Microsoft .NET Framework for Windows Operating System is mostly used for the implementation of C# language.

C# Frameworks

Orientation of C# Frameworks

C# is a prosperous execution of the object-orientation model. It comprises various programming paradigms including encapsulation, inheritance, and polymorphism. Encapsulation represents forming a frontier around an object detaching its external (public) activities from its internal (private) execution particulars. The characteristic attributes of C# from the point of view of the object-oriented paradigm are as follows:

Amalgamated Type Structure

The primary building block in a C# language can be described as an encapsulated piece of data and functions that are also known as a type. It has an amalgamated type structure, wherein all types are allocated a common, general base type. It means that the data and functions, irrespective of their parameters, share an identical functionality. Let us take an example, a data of any given type can be transformed to its equivalent string by calling its ToString technique.

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Classes and Interfaces

Classes were the one and only kind of type that was present in the traditional object-oriented paradigm. C# has introduced a number of other kinds of types, one of which is known as an interface. An interface looks similar to a class, except for one feature that only depicts the members. Interfaces are widely used in situations where multiple inheritances are requisite.

Assets, Technique, and Events

The object-oriented paradigm in its purest form treats all functions as methods. The methods that are used are one type of function member that includes assets and various events. The assets are nothing but function members that summarize the state of an object, like the color of the button or the text of a label. Events are also function members whose task is to simplify the performing alterations on an object.

Since C Sharp is mainly an object-oriented language; it also makes use of the operational programming model. Exclusively the paradigms are explained below:

Functions can be processed as values

C# makes use of the delegates and thus it enables the functions to be processed as values to and from other functions.

C Sharp sustains patterns for clarity

The nucleus of any operational programming language is to avoid the utilization of variables as their value transforms in support of declarative patterns. C# comprises several key traits that help them work with those patterns, including their capability to write unidentified functions that capture lambda expressions. It has the skill to execute the inventory or reactive programming through query terms. It also makes it easier to comprehend the read-only fields and properties for scripting absolute (read-only) types.

Type Safety of C# Frameworks

C# can be considered a type-safe language which means that the instances of all types can cooperate only via protocols that they define, thus it ensures the internal reliability and stability of each type’. C# restricts its users to cooperate with a string type. More precisely, C# allows static typing which means that the language while type safety is implemented during run time.

Static typing removes a huge set of errors before running a program. It moves the load farther from the runtime segment tests into the compiler to validate if every type in a program can work together properly. Thus it becomes easier to manage large programs and the programs become more conventional and more robust. Moreover, static typing enables different tools like IntelliSense in Visual Studio to guide the user to write a programming language, since it understands a specified variable what type it is, and consequently what techniques you can call on that variable.

C# is also known as strongly typed language as the type rules of the program are very stern. For example, a user cannot randomly call a function which is intended to allow an integer with a floating-point number, until and unless the user transforms the floating-point number to an integer unambiguously. This solution helps them to reduce mistakes and errors.

Strong Typing also has a role to play in allowing C# code to execute in a sandbox. A sandbox can be defined as a setting where every facet of security is maintained by the host. While using a sandbox, it is noteworthy that you cannot randomly crook the state of an object by evading its type rules.

Memory Management of C# Frameworks

C# language counts on the runtime to execute mechanized memory management. The Common Language Runtime (CLR) comprises a garbage collector that is carried out as a part of the user program; regaining the lost memory for objects that are no longer referred to. This exempts programmers from unambiguously de-allocating the memory for an object; thus removing the trouble of erroneous pointers encountered in other languages such as C++.

C# does not remove pointers; it just makes the pointers redundant for most programming tasks. C# allocates pointers and unambiguous memory allocation is for improved performance-critical hotspots and interoperability, which were previously marked as insecure and dangerous.

Platform Compatibility of C# Frameworks

Traditionally, C# was exclusively used for writing code to operate on the Windows platform. However, in recent times, Microsoft and several other big companies have started spending their capital on other platforms, such as Linux, macOS, iOS, and Android. The Xamarin Framework provides a cross-platform C# improvement for the development of mobile applications and the usage of Portable Class Libraries is increasing rapidly. Microsoft’s ASP.NET Core is another framework that allows lightweight cross-platform web hosting that can operate either on .NET Core or .NET Framework. Both .NET Core and .NET Framework allow open source cross-platform runtime.

Other C# Frameworks

As mentioned earlier, the Microsoft .NET Framework is the most matured, full-grown, and widely used framework, but it only operates on Microsoft Windows desktop or server. Over the course of time, several other frameworks have come forward to sustain other platforms. Currently, there are three major frameworks besides the .NET Framework that supports other platforms. All three of these frameworks are owned by Microsoft.

Universal Windows Platform (UWP)

Universal Windows Platform (UWP) is used for writing code for Windows 10 Store applications and for focusing on various Windows 10 devices such as Mobile phones, Xbox, Surface Hub, and Hololens). This software runs on your system to reduce the menace of malware, prohibiting actions such as reading or writing arbitrary files.

.NET Core with ASP.NET Core

.NET Core is an open-source framework that was initially formed based on a chop down version of the Microsoft .NET framework. It is used for writing simply deployable internet applications and microservices that operate on Windows, macOS, and Linux systems. But unlike the .NET Framework, .NET Core can be tied together with web applications and other self-contained deployments.


Xamarin is used for writing numerous mobile applications that mainly focus on iOS, Android, and Windows devices. It is also used for creating modern and well-performing applications for iOS, Android, and Windows devices with. NET. The abstraction layer of Xamarin supervises the communication of common code with fundamental platform code. This San-Francisco-based company was acquired by Microsoft in 2016.


C# frameworks are developed to operate form-based applications, web-based applications, and other web services. Among all the available programming languages, C# is the most common language which is found on the .NET platform. It is used to create applications for Windows, iOS, Android, and the Web. A C# framework also offers a sequence of functionalities and maintains the standard of the industry.


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