Building a home server for web hosting is undoubtedly a brilliant idea as you get to host your own website without spending any extra bucks or get a dedicated storage space for all your library of files. Alongside, you can have a far better backup for your gaming files, research documents, or photo files when compared to third-party hosting services. Even if you want enhanced security of your files or entire control over your stored files, building a home server is always the better option to root for.
We’ve curated a 360 guide here to provide you all the information that you require to build your own home server. So, stay glued to know how to create your own server at home for web hosting.
What Do You Need?
This section is all about what do you need to create a home web server, i.e. hardware, software, etc. First of all, you must identify why you need web hosting? Do you need it for storing personal/private files, or you just want to host your website? No matter why you require your home server, for storing lightweight files or heavy documents or only your website, having a dedicated PC or Mac that can take the load is mandatory. It is because a server PC needs to run all the time, so it has to be sturdy enough to take the load.
A good web server allows multiple users to access the data stored in it without compromising the speed. When it comes to hardware, a PC or laptop is what you need to create your own server. Also, keep in mind that the newer the computer, the better it will perform as a server. However, there’s are minimum system requirements that you need to know:
- 60 GB Hard Drive
- 25 GB Free Storage Space
- 2 GB RAM
- A 2 GHz Dual Core Processor
- A DVD Drive
- USB Ports
Make sure that your system has got all of these. You can also use an old PC, but it can compromise the performance of your server.
Along with hardware, you will need appropriate software to get your server ready. You need to install an operating system on the computer hardware and the two best options are Windows and Linux. 7 out of 10 people will recommend Linux but if you want to go with Windows, there’s nothing to worry about. Also, you need to install multiple software applications that will be discussed later in this article.
This is yet another important requirement as if your internet connection is not reliable, your server won’t work. Your connection must be fast for handling multiple users accessing the server at the same time. Your home internet connection is maybe good for fast downloads, but when it comes to uploading, you need to change your plan. Secondly, for your connection, your ISP may set a limit on data usage, which isn’t good for hosting services. Check if your data is capped, and if it is, you need to either upgrade your existing plan or get a high-speed internet connection.
How To Setup The Hosting On Windows?
The Windows operating system requires Windows-specific technologies like ASP, Microsoft Access, MySQL, etc. Here is a step-by-step guide to creating web hosting at your home on Windows.
Step 1: First of all, you need to create a source code for your website. For this, you need a text editor, which is Notepad++ in the case of Windows. These files are usually written with .php extensions.
Step 2: Now, you need to install the WAMP or Apache HTTP Server. Though the Apache HTTP server is specifically designed for Linux distributions, it can also be installed on Windows.
Note: You also need to open up your router ports and set up a firewall to protect your website from hackers and other threats. It will also allow your data to pass both ways freely.
Step 3: To do that, first open your router’s settings page (generally- http://192.168.1.1), then find the Port Forwarding option and add the following setups-
(format: "name" - TCP/UDP - start port - end port - 192.168.1.1) "VNC" - TCP - 5800 - 5900 - 192.168.1.1 "FTP" - TCP/UDP - 21 - 21 - 192.168.1.1 "HTTP" - TCP - 80 - 80 - 192.168.1. "Gmod" - TCP/UDP - 27015 - 27015 - 192.168.x.x (replace "x" with game settings)
Step 4: The next step is to upload your site files, your website files are housed in the www directory
Step 5: Now, you have uploaded the website files. You need a domain name here, which is the URL of your website. The domain name helps users to access and see what you have uploaded or hosted on your server. You can buy a domain name, or you can use a free one from services like No-IP.
Step 6: As the last step, upload your DNS entries. The domain name registrar will guide you on these.
Step 7: Sit back and relax. The changes need some time to reflect.
How Can You Create Your Web Hosting On Linux?
The process isn’t much different from the Windows setting up process. You must know what it takes. It is usually called a LAMP server. LAMP is the acronym for Linux, Apache, MySQL, and PHP. You can set up your server on Linux by following the steps mentioned below:
Note: For writing source code, you can use text editors like SciTe, Notepadqq, Geany, etc. You can use one of the several server software options available like Apache, Lighttpd, NGINX, etc.
Step 1: First of all, you need to type the following command and enter your MySQL password and move ahead-
sudo apt install apache2 mysql-server php libapache2-mod-php7.0
Step 2: Now set up a firewall on your router
Step 3: Next, you need to upload the website’s source code, the one with the .php extension
Step 4: Then, you choose a domain name ask Apache to accept the requests. Provide the required permissions and complete the set up.
Step 5: Finally, upload your DNS entries, as instructed by your domain registrar, and you are done.
Now, you are free to upload the content on your website with the hosting from your home server. It is cheap, reliable, and most importantly, the maintenance is up to you.
For a tech-savvy person, creating a home server for web hosting is a cakewalk now. As mentioned, if you’re concerned about the safety of your data, creating a home web server is way more secure than other hosting service providers. It is also a pocket-friendly idea. Hence, create your own server at home now and leave a comment below in case of any doubts.
Frequently Asked Questions
Question: Which is better, Windows Hosting or Linux Hosting?
Answer: Both of these are popular but Linux is often recommended due to it being a free, open-source system software. On the other hand, Windows requires you to pay licensing fees.
Question: How should I choose my Web Hosting service?
Answer: Your decision of choosing a web hosting should be based on the following questions:
- What is your website’s need?
- Are you budget-conscious?
- What technologies do you need?
The web hosting that fits all or most of your requirements will be a good pick.