Internal department communication can be seen as the most important aspect of the digital revolution currently. In addition, as businesses adopt increasingly sophisticated technology tools to engage and communicate with employees, there’s an increasing obligation to reach out to the people on the frontline and within office premises regardless of where they are. The Intranet and the Internet have created an industry these days. We have examined the distinction between the Internet as well as the Intranet. Both these terms sound similar but have different meanings. The Internet is the foundation of the Web and the technological infrastructure that creates this Web possible. In its simplest form, the Internet is an immense computer network that connects an uncountable number of computers.
The Internet was first introduced in the early 1960s as an Army-funded research project funded by the US military that later became an infrastructure for the public in the 1980s. All thanks to the backing of several public universities and private firms. The different technologies that make up the Internet have developed through time. However, how it functions hasn’t changed significantly. The Internet is a means to connect all computers and to ensure that, no matter what happens, there are ways to remain connected.
What is Internet?
The Internet is an international network that includes millions of public, private academic, business, and government networks that connect via the Internet to exchange massive amounts of data, resources, and services.
The Internet includes a wide variety of intranets. It has a range of roots of information that are accessible to all. Anyone can use it for downloading and uploading data using the Internet protocol. It offers various information sources and services, like the pages on the World Wide Web, games, videos, images, email, social networking, and more. Billions of people throughout the world utilize the Internet.
Internet and the Web
You may notice that when we surf the Web using the Web device, we typically utilize the domain name to connect to a website. Does this mean that you think the Internet and the Web are equivalent to each other? As we’ve seen earlier, it’s not that simple. The Internet is a technological infrastructure that lets billions of computers be connected. In the case of computers, certain computers can transmit messages that are understandable through web browsers. And this is because we can describe the Internet as infrastructure while it is a service. Web functions as a platform that was built on that infrastructure. It is important to remember that many additional services are constructed on the Internet, including emails and IRC.
What is Intranet?
This configuration of computer networks is known as an Intranet. The Intranet is like the Internet, but instead of global connectivity or a global network, it’s simply a small number of computers. An organization or company creates an intranet to connect all the computers within the office premises with the main computer. Much like its counterpart, the Internet, Intranet is also utilized to share data between computers. Similar to the Internet, the show and request method is used within the Intranet.
One can access any authorized information via the Internet from anywhere with the aid of all Internet devices that support it. However, to access authorized information on Intranet, we must be in the area where an intranet network has been established. Also, be connected to the specific device that is registered on the Intranet.
An Intranet is a secure network used to ensure that data is only accessible to a registered computer. Some firms also link the Intranet with the Internet for various reasons. However, this may affect the security on the Intranet.
Features of Intranet
An Intranet for a business is the principal root of connection for employees. Therefore, it is essential to find the best features that will be integrated to enhance collaboration. The most well-known Intranet features include:
- Document management
- Intuitive search
- Forms and workflows
- Social tools
- Team workspaces
- Event management
- Personalized content
- Integration with cloud-based platforms
- Dynamic widgets
- Versions of the Mobile App
Advantages of Intranet
Even though innovative technology is advancing the field of communication, many organizations still rely on having an intranet that is designed and maintained by an internal team. The three main advantages of having an Intranet in a company are:
Storage of files is easy and convenient
Every business has hundreds or even thousands of different-formatted files floating in email threads, Google Drive, or hard drives on laptops and desktops. An Intranet for your company makes it simple to save and access your entire file collection from one place. Every communication made through an Intranet can be archived until the Intranet is active. And this allows users to locate previous content from the Intranet of their company.
Easy to connect with employees
Intranets are typically designed to feature user profiles that are similar to the ones on your LinkedIn profile. They include an image, job title, and description, along with contact details. Anyone with an account on the Intranet can find new colleagues and communicate with them on the Intranet. And this helps increase collaboration and creates the concept of a network for employees.
Good quality Content Management System (CMS)
Intranets were first introduced in the 90s as a basic welcome page that contained only a few details about an organization. Since then, they’ve been able to incorporate discussion forums, blogs as well as social aspects. Intranet is now used to distribute important messages and updates to the organization. CMS intranet allows internal communicators to make and share content throughout the system.
Intranet applications function similarly to Internet applications. There is only one difference: Intranet applications are hosted within a locally hosted server, whereas Internet applications are hosted on remote servers. And also, anyone can access applications on Intranet using a web browser. We’ve covered a few of the available applications:
1. Document publication applications
Document publication software allows publishing documents like software guides, manuals, employee earnings, etc., without paper.
2. Electronic resource applications
It gives electronic resources, like software programs and templates, and one can also share tools with the Internet.
3. Interactive Communication applications
Like the Web, we also have email and chat-like apps for Intranet, which allows connectivity between employees.
4. Support for Internet Applications
Intranet offers a test environment for users to test and deploy applications before placing their applications online on the Internet.
Internet vs Intranet
The Intranet network might be connected to the Internet, however, the Intranet is located behind a firewall to provide security.
For instance, we have an office with a handful of computers and a few printers. Each device is connected. After connecting, you will navigate the Intranet in the same manner as you navigate the Internet. One of the PCs is a directory of resources that make up the Intranet. Other PCs on the interface can reach this Intranet by looking its browser to that directory.
Similarities Between Internet and Intranet
The Internet and intranets share certain similarities. They are, at the simplest level, computer networks that permit users to connect and share information. The Internet was first made available in the early 1960s, with the smallest US defense computers. They also allow users to access similar collaboration and communication tools.
The Internet is accessible to everyone, and anyone can become completely anonymous if they choose. However, intranets are private networks that allow all users to be recognized. And this can be extremely beneficial to anyone who is part of an intranet network. They are confident of the information they share via Intranet. So users can communicate effectively and collaborate securely on an intranet.
As intranets offer many benefits over the Internet for collaboration and communication within the company, businesses need to switch to high-quality intranet platforms rather than the non-regulated Internet.
Difference Between Intranet and Internet
Intranets were created in conjunction with the Internet in the early 1990s. The difference between the Intranet as well as the Internet is clear. The Internet is a public network. No organization can control this. In contrast, intranets are privately owned and are not accessible to any person who can connect online. Here are some of the significant differences between the Internet and the Intranet.
- Concurrently connect computers on different networks or global networks.
- It’s a public network with more traffic.
- Support for multiple users.
- Unsafe, not secured.
- Can transfer unlimited data.
- Accessible to a large number of people and utilized.
- Additional data or information may be accessed.
- Owned by local or private organizations/companies.
- As it is a private network, traffic is lower.
- A limited number of users.
- Secured and protected.
- One can only share limited information.
- Can be accessed only by employees of the company or organization or the administrator who has access to login credentials.
- The information or data available via the Intranet is restricted and specific to company records or information.
It is important to note that both Internet and Intranet have their uses, and small and big companies rely on both. The Internet is used to connect with individuals and to expand the business. Whereas, the Intranet is utilized within the business, allowing sharing of confidential information between the computer systems in use. It is undisputed that Intranet is more secure over the Internet. Most firms and companies utilize the Intranet for security reasons. However, businesses searching for outside information take the help of the Internet.
Internet and Intranet both are crucial to the growth of any business. The Internet can benefit businesses by providing opportunities for networking communication, information, sales, and marketing. The Intranet can help organizations with their internal communications requirements via digital technology. The Intranet also offers a secure environment for storing, accessing, and creating electronic data.