Linux Features- Components of a Linux System

Linux Features

In the previous two decades, Linux has gained a lot of popularity and efficiency, and now it also powers the majority of commercial servers. Even regular users adopt Linux as their primary operating system, and various companies include Linux as a pre-installed OS on their devices because it is completely free. In this blog, we will discover the top 10 features of Linux to learn more about its potential in the market. But before that, let’s brush up on the basics.

Linux is a free and open-source operating system whose source code is available for anyone to modify for both commercial and non-commercial purposes under the General Public License (GNU). The Linux operating system was originally designed for personal computers, but it has since been expanded to include supercomputers, mainframe computers, servers, and other devices.

Components of Linux System

A typical Linux system contains the following components:

  • Hardware layer: This layer is composed of all the peripheral devices such as RAM, HDD, CPU, etc.
  • Linux Kernel: It is Linux’s main component and is also in charge of many of the LINUX operating system’s functions. It communicates with hardware directly and delivers low-level operations to upper-layer elements.
  • Shell/GCC: It is a user-to-kernel interface that hides the complexities of the kernel’s operations from users. The Shell processes the user’s command and performs the kernel functions.
  • Application Software: The desktop environment that comes with your Linux OS is typically not able to meet all the application requirements; there are far too many. Therefore, individual applications are installed. Most Linux distributions, such as Ubuntu, come with dedicated app stores for ease of finding and installing such applications.
  • Computers go through a startup process known as “booting.” This boot process requires instruction, and your operating system is in charge of it. When you turn on your computer, the bootloader for your operating system precedes the process.
  • Background services: Also known as “daemons,” these small systems serve as workers in the background, assuring that critical tasks such as scheduling, publishing, and multimedia work properly. They begin to run once the user logs in to the computer or right after the system gets booted.

10 Top Features of Linux Operating System

1. Portable Environment

Linux software operates flawlessly on a variety of hardware platforms. Without the worry of incompatibility, individuals can operate the Linux operating system on any device. It operates the same way on both high-end and low-end hardware.

2. Free and Open-Source

Its source code is available for anybody to use and alter as they want. Many developers collaborate in organizations to improve and strengthen Linux, and lots of developers work constantly on updating the Linux system. This eventually makes Linux a better option when compared to other inflexible operating systems.

3. Shell/Command-line Interface

The Linux system includes essential programs that users can execute to issue commands to the operating system and run the system flawlessly. You can also instruct it to carry out various commands in order to effectively operate the applications.

4. End-to-end encryption

Authentication can help you keep your data protected. The Linux operating system requires you to enter a password before you can access some important files. Furthermore, the Linux environment allows users to encrypt their data.

5. Graphical User Interface (GUI)

The Linux operating system comes with Graphical User Interface (GUI) abilities in the same way as offered by Windows. Similarly, users can install the programs and the computer graphics will begin to work in the same way that Windows does.

6. Configure Keyboards in different Languages

Because Linux is available in a variety of languages, it is simple to use it across the world. As a result, you can change the language on your keyboard as per your preference.

7. Frequent New Updates

Software updates are controlled by the users in Linux. Individuals have the option to pick and choose which updates are required and there are a plethora of system updates accessible. These upgrades happen considerably more quickly when compared to other operating systems. Therefore, system upgrades can be deployed without difficulty.

8. Lightweight Infrastructure

Linux is an extremely lightweight operating system. Linux has far fewer prerequisites than any other operating system and has a smaller memory footprint and consumes lesser storage space. Typically, you’ll find a Linux Distro with only 128MB of RAM and around the same amount of disc space.

9. Extremely Flexible

Linux is extremely flexible and a variety of desktop applications, embedded systems, and server applications can benefit from the same. It also offers a number of computer-specific limitation settings for admins to allow only essential applications or software to get installed.

10. Best For Developers

Linux supports nearly every popular programming language, including C/C++, Java, Python, Ruby, and others. Furthermore, it provides a wide range of development-related applications.

A majority of developers all around the world prefer the Linux terminal over the Windows command line. On a Linux system, the package manager aids programmers in understanding how things are performed. It also comes with features like bash scripting and also supports SSH which aids in the speedy management of servers.

Latest Astonishing Linux Trends

1. Linux-based Hardware

After hardware tools like Chromebooks and Raspberry Pi drew the attention of a wider audience, the Linux platform has been in the spotlight. These Linux-based components are breaking new ground as the days pass because of their ability to perform routine tasks with ease. Recently, Linux has seen a number of advanced adaptations in hardware, and one of them is Purism Librem 5.

It is an innovative take on mobile phones that is focused solely on privacy. Looking at the new expectations of customers, Linux is likely to bring a slew of new hardware devices to the market in upcoming years.

2. Entrance into supercomputing

Sierra is expected to be the second-fastest supercomputer with 125 petaflops of processing power, and it runs on Linux. This generates a lot of interest in supercomputing technology, with Linux being an integral part of it.

The development and deployment of Linux-powered supercomputers is a trend that shows no signs of abating in the coming year. Given the flexibility and capability of the Linux system, the trend might continue to adopt Linux as the operating system for supercomputers.

3. Ubuntu’s Resurrection

Ubuntu has opted to make a strong comeback after experiencing slight dips in popularity over the last ten years. It is modern and offers a safe working environment for users.

In a variety of ways, Ubuntu has improved on previous versions, making it one of the most important Linux trends. Among the anticipated features are faster Snap applications, easier connection with Android devices, proportional screen resizing, multitasking changes, and a new installer for streamlining the Ubuntu operating system inside machines. Furthermore, future Ubuntu releases are expected to undergo a variety of graphical changes in order to make them more appealing and productive.

4. Linux in Cloud-based Computing

Despite the fact that Linux is already well-known for programming and development, it is also expected to grow in popularity in the cloud. According to Gartner, 80% of internally produced apps use cloud computing or are cloud-native. And Linux is the most widely used operating system in the cloud-based computing space.

Because cloud-based technologies and the Linux system are so intertwined, the Linux system is expected to grow in lockstep with the popularity of cloud-based options. Because cloud computing is almost certain to remain the focus of growth, Linux is growing increasingly popular as a platform as well.


Linux, like any other operating system, has its ups and downs, but it continues to evolve and improve over time. With each subsequent upgrade, the reasons for not using Linux become less compelling.

With moderate or basic technical skills, the majority of difficulties in Linux can be solved. The aforementioned Linux features must’ve helped you to understand the importance of learning Linux and get started with the same.


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