VPN vs Proxy: A Complete Guide

VPN vs Proxy

Today is the world of digitalization, and everything is connected to the Internet. Whether you are looking to buy something, manage a business online, do research, stream, or browse on your mobile phone or computer, The Internet has converted the entire world into a small town online.

The Internet has brought with it digitization, which has benefited everyone in different ways. However, there is always something wrong that comes with the good. And the internet world is no exception.

Online privacy is the primary concern for everyone. As everyday individuals and organizations face numerous online threats, hacking and compromising personal information are among the incidents people face.

This rising concern about privacy drives some users’ minds toward using a VPN or proxy to prevent online threats and save their identity online while browsing. As a result, both VPN and proxy have advantages and disadvantages.As a result, when it comes to choosing a security system, most people are perplexed.

If you face a similar situation today, you will choose a VPN or proxy. Below, you will find a detailed comparison between VPN and proxy services, which will help you pick the best option for your requirements.

What is VPN?

A virtual private network, or VPN, is a private network server that helps users safely browse the internet by encrypting the information they send or receive from the web. It helps you securely and privately access sites and utilise your software and applications on the same network you are using.

Assume it as the secure postman who delivers your data and gets a response from the server in a safe and encrypted way to your PC.

It also changes or hides your IP and permits you to change your location securely to gain access to geo-restricted content and websites. For instance, if you wish to access some content on Netflix that is not available in your country, you can do so easily with the help of a VPN.

Moreover, your ISP (internet service provider) can also access your online activities or throttle the speed limit if you are detected as playing online games. Thus, a VPN could be an ideal way to hide your online activities from an ISP or any third party keeping an eye on your browsing behaviors. Most of the best VPNs come with high-end encryption technologies that encrypt your data at any cost. Well, to understand better VPNs, you must first understand how a VPN works.

How does a VPN work?

A VPN works by routing your device’s network connection or data transfer through your picked VPN’s private server rather than your network access supplier (ISP). Hence, when you connect online and data transactions happen on the web, they come from the VPN rather than your computer or another device.

Thus, the VPN acts as the middleman of all kinds of your connections online, subsequently also by hiding your actual IP address. It is the series of numbers your ISP assigns to your device. Besides, with VPN encryption technology, your data somehow gets intercepted until it reaches its destination.

Thus, the VPN acts as the middleman of all kinds of your connections online, subsequently also by hiding your actual IP address. It is the series of numbers your ISP assigns to your device. Besides, with VPN encryption technology, your data somehow gets intercepted until it reaches its destination.

A VPN builds a private tunnel from your device to the web and changes or hides your essential personal information through encryption. This VPN process is supported by high-end encryption protocols and servers located in various locations around the world.

However, VPNs are also divided further into different categories. Each VPN comes with its own functionality and features for specific usage. Thus, it is essential to understand its types as well.

Types of VPN available;

1. Remote access VPN

As is clear from the name, this VPN acts and works remotely. It gives remote access to users with a link to a virtual private network and access to all the services or websites.

This VPN acts as a tunnel between the client and the virtual private network via the Internet. This makes the network connection totally private and secure. This kind of VPN is helpful for both home and business clients.

2. Site to Site VPN

This type of VPN is usually known as router-to-switch VPN. This type of VPN is mainly used by giant organizations or businesses that operate from different workplaces globally. This assists these organizations in securely building the network link from one office area to the next office area.

3. OpenVPN

OpenVPN is an open source VPN. OpenVPN comes with various encryption protocols for clients to utilize.


These VPNs are usually quick and simple to-set-up, yet they are quite insecure VPNs.

5. L2TP

L2TO is secure and simple to use; however, it is slower than OpenVPN

6. lKEV2

This sort of VPN server is quicker than PPTP and L2TP. It also supports the AES 128, AES 192, AES g56 encryption technologies. But it isn’t available for some OS.

What is a Proxy?

A “proxy” acts as an intermediary between the computer and the internet. A proxy server is essentially a computer. When using a proxy, your internet traffic will be routed through a proxy server rather than directly from your IP address. The traffic on your system will appear to come from its IP address rather than your computer’s. You can use a proxy on your browser, which interfaces with the proxy and connects you to the Internet. To communicate online, a proxy primarily uses two protocols: HTTP and SOCKS.

Simply put, proxy servers are the links between the websites you want to visit and your computer network. As a result, your web traffic is routed through a central system, a remote machine that assists you in interacting with the host.

Although it is difficult to know precisely about proxy servers, it is of utmost importance to learn how the proxy server works for you.

How does a Proxy work?

A proxy server is a computer with a unique IP address that your computer knows. When you try to access any website or content online, your web request is first directly forwarded to the proxy server. Further, the proxy server processes your web request from your side and gathers the appeal from that particular server. After that, it forwards the page to your browser.

In all this process, a proxy server’s role is to change your IP address, so the web server doesn’t know precisely what you are requesting. It also encrypts your data so that no third party can read your data online. Adding to this, a proxy server also helps access blocked websites and content.

The proxy and its process are a little trickier than they appear, as there are different types of proxy that work and function differently.

Types of Proxy servers:

HTTP Proxies

An HTTP proxy reroutes all network traffic coming from the browser alone, as you can only set up this proxy on your browser. An HTTP proxy could be an ideal choice for web browsing and accessing geo-restricted websites.

The HTTP proxy is intended to decipher traffic at the HTTP level. Thus, it can only handle the traffic coming from HTTP or HTTPS:// webpages. So it is just helpful for web surfing. Since it is just dealing with HTTP demands, you can enjoy a good browsing speed.

SOCKS Proxies

SOCKS proxies, unlike HTTP proxies, can be used by applications other than browsers. You can use these proxies with games, video streaming apps, and P2P platforms, for example. It does not, however, interpret the data traffic, making it more adaptable.

Private Proxy Servers

These proxy servers are generally unavailable for public access, and most are paid. These proxies are significantly more solid and usually company-specific and offer comprehensive support. They regularly give modified software to use. For instance, BTGuard and TorGuard offer pre-designed BitTorrent customers.

Public Proxy Servers

Numerous users can use public proxy servers simultaneously. However, for these reasons, public proxies are unreliable and slow. Besides, your network traffic is not secure with these unknown servers.

VPN or Proxy: Which is right for you?

Suppose your primary concern is privacy and security, and you want to choose the best one out of VPN or Proxy. Then, the VPN is the winner in such a case. The reason is simple: a VPN comes with layers of encryption and has a “no lag” policy, which means the VPN will not share your data with anyone.

Assume your top priority is privacy and security, and you want to find the best VPN or proxy server. In this case, the VPN comes out on top. The reason is simple: a VPN has multiple layers of encryption and a “no lag” policy, which means it will not share your data with anyone.

On the other hand, if you only want to hide or change your IP address, a proxy server will function similarly to a VPN. A proxy, on the other hand, will assist you in concealing your identity from a specific website or app. If bandwidth and browsing speed are more important to you, you should use a proxy.

Whereas VPNs usually come with a paid plan for all premium services. Yet, there are numerous budget-friendly options available for VPNs as well. Although to protect your sensitive data and financial information online, paying a few dollars isn’t a bad deal. Additionally, paid plans offer the fastest server speeds and numerous server locations to choose from globally.

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