You may have come across the terms “URI” and “URL” when using the Internet or trying to access a website on several occasions. These are the two fundamental concepts of the internet, and they are frequently used in tandem. However, the essential difference between URI and URL is that URI can address both the URL and the URN of a resource, whereas URL can only address the URL. URLs, on the other hand, can be used to determine the location of a resource or website on the internet.

So, today we’ll look at URI and URL separately and how they may be distinguished from one another.

What is a URL?

A URL or Uniform Resource is usually a locator of the location or source of any website on the Internet. A URL consistently shows a remarkable resource, and it could also be an HTML page, a CSS report, and an image. It is also frequently characterized as a series of characters that are coordinated to form an address. It is a commonly utilized approach to find a resource on the web. It gives a direction to recovering the actual location’s introduction by depicting its network location or essential access component. A URL utilizes a convention for getting to the resource, which can be HTTP, HTTPS, FTP, and so forth.

The convention is depicted inside the URL, which is utilized to recover the resource name. The URL that contains HTTP/HTTPS toward the beginning of the resource might be a web type resource. Also, it starts with FTP if the particular help might be a record and mailto if a resource is an email address. The language structure of a URL is displayed beneath where the essential part is utilized for the convention, and the rest of the part is utilized for the website that comprises a site name or program name.

Structure of URL

Every HTTP URL follows the syntax structure of its nonexclusive URI. Henceforth the syntax of the URL is likewise like the punctuation of URI. It is given underneath:


The above URL is comprised of the accompanying parts:

Scheme: The URL’s first part is a Scheme, which addresses a convention that a browser should use to demand the resource. The commonly utilized conventions for sites are HTTP or HTTPS.

Authority: It usually incorporates two sub-parts, domain name and port, separated by a colon. The domain name could be anything, the registered name of the resource like javatpoint.com, and port is the specialised entryway to get to the source website’s web server. However, Port number 80 is utilized for HTTP and 443 is used for HTTPS.

Path: It mainly shows the absolute path to the resource website on the web server. It could be like /software/htp/index.html.

Question String: A string that contains the value pair and name is known as a question string. If it is utilized in a URL, it follows the way part and provides information such as, “?key1=value1&key2=value2”.

Fragment: The optional part of the URL is processed by a symbol hash(#). It comprises a part identifier that gives guidance to the secondary resource.

What is URI?

A Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) is an extraordinary arrangement of characters that recognises web technology’s coherent or actual resource. It contains two subsets: URL and URN; if it only has a name, it states that it is not a URL and directly a URI. URIs might be used to distinguish anything, including accurate world items such as individuals and spots, various ideas, or data resources like pages and books.

Moreover, some URIs give a method for finding and recovering data resources within an organisation (either on the Internet or another private organization, for example, a PC file system or an Intranet); these are Uniform Resource Locators (URLs). A URL gives the location of the resource. A URI distinguishes the resource by name at the predetermined location or URL. Other URIs give just a great name, without a method for finding or recovering the resource or data about it; these are Uniform Resource Names (URNs). The web advancements that utilise URIs are not restricted to internet browsers.

Syntax of URI

The Syntax of URI is given below:


A URI consists of scheme, authority, path, query, and a fragment. Some most common URI schemes are HTTP, HTTPS, FTP, Idap, telnet, etc.

Scheme: The primary part of URI is a scheme that consists of an arrangement of characters that can be any mix of letter, digit, in addition, to sign, or dash (_), which is trailed by a colon (:). The well-known schemes are HTTP, record, FTP, information, and IRC. The schemes ought to be enlisted with IANA.

Authority: It is gone before by two slashes (//) and authority is a part of discretionary. It contains three sub-parts:

Userinfo: It might contain a username and a discretionary password isolated by a colon. The sub-part is trailed by the symbol @.

Host: It includes either an enlisted name or an IP address. The IP address should be in between [] sections.

Port: Optional

Path: It comprises a grouping of way portions isolated by a slash (/). The URI consistently indicates it; as it may, the predetermined path might be vacant or of 0 lengths.

Inquiry: It is a discretionary part, which is gone before by an inquiry mark(?). It contains a question line of non-hierarchical information.

Fragment: It is likewise a discretionary part, gone before by a hash(#) image. It comprises a section identifier that gives guidance to an auxiliary asset.

Below are some examples of URI;

  1. mailto:hey.Doe@example.com
  2. news:comp.infosystems.www.servers.unix
  3. Urn:oasis:names:specification:docbook:dtd:xml:4.1.2

What are the Critical Differences between URL and URI?

  • URI consists of URL and URN both. This helps to recognize the name and area or both of an asset; interestingly, URL is a subset of URI and distinguishes the resource area.
  • The URI can be utilized to discover the resource in HTML,XML, and different documents likewise, while a URL must be used to find a website page.
  • Every URL can be a URI, though all URIs can’t generally be URLs.
  • URI is regularly utilized in XML and label library records like JSTL and XSTL to recognize the resource and pairs. At the same time, URLs are fundamentally used to look through the website pages on the web.
  • The URI plan can be convention, assignment, detail, or anything. Although the plan of URL is typically a convention like HTTP, HTTPS, FTP, and so forth
  • A URI expects to distinguish a resource and separate it from different assets by utilizing the name of the help or its area. On the other hand, a URL expects to discover the area or address of an asset on the web.


As discussed in the article above, you would now have the understanding to make a difference between URI and URL. A URI is a progression of characters that recognizes a web asset by area, name, or both available on the web. URL is a plan of characters that simply perceive the area of an asset opens on the web.


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