The World Wide Web (www) was invented in 1989 to enhance information sharing between science institutes and universities. After a year, the first web-browser emerged named: ‘WorldWideWeb.’
React introduced a functional, component-based, and declarative programming style for building interactive user interfaces for single-page web applications. With React, the DOM renders only those components that have changed instead of rendering the whole page.
- Creating Dynamic Web Applications Becomes Easier – To create a dynamic web application specifically with HTML is tricky because it requires complex coding but with React JS creating dynamic web pages is quite easy.
- Reusable Components – A ReactJS web application is made up of multiple components, and each component has its logic and controls. It is possible to reuse components at different parts of the web application, which saves developers from writing the same piece of code multiple times.
- Scope for Testing the Codes – ReactJS applications are extremely easy to test. It provides a scope where developers can test and debug the codes with the assistance of its native testing tools.
- Poor Documentation – React is getting frequent updates, which cuts the availability of time to make proper documentation.
- Suitable for Developing Only the Visual Part of the Web App – ReactJS covers only the UI Layers of the app and nothing else. So, you still need to choose some other technologies for creating the other sections of the app such as the business logic on the back-end.
Angular is an open-source framework by Google which is used to create single-page web applications. Angular has gained widespread acclaim and was supposed to rule the market but the emergence of React pushed it into oblivion.
- Component-Based Architecture – After ditching MVW (model-view-whatever) architecture, Angular 2 and beyond adopted a strictly component-based architecture that facilitates reusability.
- Server performance – Angular supports out-of-the-box caching and tons of features to ensure fast server performance.
- 2-way data binding – One key feature of Angular is two-way data binding, which forms a link between the Model layer and the View layer so that each one of them reflects a change made in the other.
- Heavy and Bloated – Compared to lightweight alternatives like React JS and Vue JS, Angular is exceptionally bulky and large, roughly close to 550-600 kB, which makes it less suitable for developing small-scale applications.
- Poor SEO – Angular struggles with SEO due to acute accessibility issues cornered with search engine crawlers/spiders. If SEO is your primary focus, then React is far better SEO-friendly than Angular.
Vue was first launched in 2014 by Evan You, a developer working for Google who took inspiration from Angular to create a simple, lightweight, and efficient front-end framework. Although Vue has adopted most of its features from React and Angular, it has made significant improvements on those features to deliver a better, easy to use, and secure framework. The biggest example of this approach is that Vue offers a two-way data binding like Angular and uses the concept of ‘Virtual DOM’ from React.
- Small size – The downloaded zip file containing the Vue framework weighs only about 18 KB.
- Virtual DOM rendering and performance – A Document Object Model (DOM) is something you’ll probably encounter when rendering web pages. The use of virtual DOM allows elements to render on pages faster.
- Reactive two-way data binding – Another benefit in DOM manipulations is two-way data binding inherited by Vue from Angular.
- Risk of over flexibility – Vue offers a high degree of flexibility in the development process but that may increase the complexity of the projects created with it.
jQuery’s syntax is designed to handle events on the web with ease. Also, by using this framework developers will find it fairly easy to navigate a document, add animations, and select DOM elements.
- The most significant upside to jQuery is its simplicity. It takes only a little bit of programming knowledge to create crowd-pleasing animations.
- jQuery is popular because it has excellent technical support, interacts well with other types of code, supports plug-ins, and makes basic animation as easy as can be.
- There are many versions of jQuery available right now and some are less compatible than others.
- jQuery’s lightweight interface may lead to problems in the future.
Nuxt.js is a combination of official Vue libraries and components – Vue, Vue Router, Vuex, Vue server renderer, and Vue meta while also packing the prowess webpack babel and PostCSS too. With Nuxt, you can create three different kinds of web apps – Pre-rendered Static pages app, Single-page web application (SPA), and Server-side, rendered web applications (SSR) or universal apps.
- Fast setup and development – Setting up a new project in Nuxt.js requires just a few minutes, all thanks to the starter-template that can be created easily using the command line.
- Well-managed code structure – Nuxt organizes your code in a logical, scalable, and easy-to-understand structure right out-of-box.
- You might face problems integrating custom libraries with Nuxt.
- Debugging issues when using Nuxt can often be quite challenging and frustrating.
Gatsby.js was developed by Sam Bhagwat and Kyle Mathews and was launched around May 2015. Gatsby is a flexible, modern GraphQl and React-based framework that allows you to build high-performance and SEO-friendly static websites. Gatsby lets users pull data from any data source imaginable – CMS like Netlify, WordPress, Contentful, Drupal, etc. or databases APIs, or simple markdown.
Unlike Next.js, Gatsby does not perform server-side rendering. Instead, it generates HTML content on the client-side during build time. As a result, Gatsby.js delivers blazing-fast performance, impeccable security, and good SEO performance. Gatsby.js is used by major brands, including edx.org, Airbnb, Nike, Figma, and others.
- SEO Friendly – Static content generated by Gatsby.js is easily readable by search engine crawlers.
- Out-of-the-box PWA – Gatsby.js converts your website into a full-fledged Progressive Web App that enhances the user experience.
- Not suitable for large-scale websites – Gatsby.js is not an ideal solution for content-heavy, enterprise-scale websites like e-commerce stores or extensive media websites.
- Prerequisite knowledge – Although learning how to use Gatsby is relatively easy, you need to have knowledge of React and a little GraphQl to under the concepts of Gatsby
- Community support – Express is a mature 10-year-old framework with a massive community backing it up.
- Good Documentation – Express has been blessed with well-written and thorough documentation along with a trove of tutorials and resources.
- Fast-paced development – Simplifies and accelerates the development of web applications using Node.js.
- Ensuring the web application’s security is entirely up to the developer and the quality of the code.
Popular companies like Nike and Vimeo and other open-source platforms such as Lichess use Mithril in their tech stacks. It supports IE11, Firefox ESR, and the latest version of Edge, Safari, and Chrome. It also has a small API and a small learning curve.
- Mithril has a download size of only 9.5kb compared with others like Angular that has (135kb)
- It has the supreme fast performance of 6.4ms while others like Angular has (11.5ms)
- Mithril has an intelligent auto-redrawing system which makes it highly featured.
- The biggest disadvantage is that Meteor’s database integration only supports MongoDB.
- A developer cannot use Meteor if they have to include NoSQL database
Ember is used on several famous websites, including Groupon, Square, Apple Music, Inc., LinkedIn, Discourse, Live Nation, Twitch, and Nordstrom, Chipotle. Although primarily considered a framework for the web, it is also possible to build desktop and mobile applications using Ember.js.
- Potent add-ons – The size of the package ecosystem of Ember is extensive, and therefore, you can easily find add-ons to tackle various development challenges.
- Ember CLI – The “Command Line Interface for ambitious web applications” of Ember will allow you to interact with the computer’s operating system.
- Convention over configuration – Even though Ruby on Rails mainly used this notion, it is also used by Ember.
- Tough to learn – As compared to React or Vue, beginner developers might find it challenging to master Ember. It is appropriate for complicated & large-scale apps and is not an ideal choice for developing simple apps.
- Highly opinionated – This framework is highly opinionated, given that any deviation from performing things might result in frustrating issues.
- Simplicity – If you are a novice in the world of JS frameworks, Meteor is a good option to start the learning process.
- The abundance of packages and libraries – An extended functionality of the described framework is achieved due to its foundation represented by the jQuery and JS library combined with Underscore.js.
- Rendering on the Server Side – SSR is essential for search engine optimization tasks. Unfortunately, Meteor lacks SSR support.
- MongoDB Support – When it comes to the back-end, there is only one official database solution i.e. MongoDB.
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